Intelligent enzyme design

Some other Nobel winners InsightCity readers will recognize as people who’ve made all our lives better are the recipients of the Nobel Chemistry Prize. One half of that goes to Frances H. Arnold, who was the first to use directed evolution to speed up the production of useful enzymes. Arnold becomes the fifth woman to win a Nobel Chemistry Prize, so hopefully they’ll soon catch up with men named John, who currently have seven between them. The other half goes to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter, who used bacteriophages to do that directed evolution thing. Quick tangent, bacteriophages are kinda creepy but also may be our last defense against antibiotic resistance. Both discoveries have led to new compounds for use in “everything from renewable fuels to pharmaceuticals.”